Basic dog training is essential to developing and maintaining a good relationship between a dog and its owner. In order to live in harmony with your dog, you need to be able to train it effectively to a level where it knows what it can and can’t do. A dog needs to know its boundaries.
Basic dog training is generally built around the basis of reward and punishment. This is the method that the majority of dog trainers claim to use. When training a dog using the reward method a small treat or reward is given to the dog upon completion of a desired task or action. This is usually coupled with praise and affection which teaches your dog that what he or she has just done was something good.
Rewards are commonly special food treats, but playing with the dog, social interaction and simply the owners attention can also be used.
Dog training is most effective when the dog is a puppy between the ages of 10 weeks and 6 months. Basic dog training when using rewards only works well when rewards are given appropriately. If rewards are given without reason when the dog is still in the training phase, your dog will interpret this to mean that he/she receives treats randomly, no matter what he does.
Aversion training is the exact opposite of reward training. When your dog does something it’s not supposed to do, something is done to demonstrate this to the dog – usually by ignoring the dog, - never through physical punishment. Positive punishment needs to be used with care. Punishing a dog for something they don’t understand has no benefit and can cause psychological problems.
Basic dog training can usually be used to train dogs in the most common basic commands such as Sit, Stay, Down, Come, and Heel. Here are a few basic dog training tips:
- Use treats to positively reward good behaviour
- When calling your dog to “come” – get down to his/her level and say the word “come” in a high pitched voice.
- Praise your dog when he begins to fulfil the desired action.
When teaching your dog to “come”, you might find it useful to attach a long leash to the dog. If the dog disobeys any of your orders, give the leash a quick tug (not to hurt the dog) so that the dog realises you are in charge – not him.
Similar methods can be used when teaching your dog to sit. Repeat the process of rewarding good behaviour with a treat and your dog will learn.
Basic dog training using rewards and positive association does require time and consistent effort but it does work. Once your dog has learnt the basic commands (Sit, Stay, Down, Come and Heel), you may find it fun to start teaching your dog to do some advanced tricks such as shaking hands, jumping over objects, and climbing. Teaching your dog tricks helps build a stronger bond between you and your dog and will also help stimulate your dogs mind, alleviate boredom and provide entertainment.
If you want to take your dog training to the next level, we recommend Secrets to Dog Training (formerly known as Sit Stay Fetch). Secrets of Dog Training is a thorough dog training book (over 200 pages) that covers everything from basic dog training, to addressing behaviour problems, to advanced dog whispering.
Secrets of Dog Training is the most complete dog training guide available and comes with 7 fantastic bonus gifts (all related to dog training and dog care).
Read our Secrets to Dog Training Review or visit the Secrets to Dog Training website and download your copy of the book now.